Learn the basic terminology for forex trading

In forex trading, you’re betting on the fluctuations in the value of one currency against another. For example: if you believe that sterling will rise against the dollar, you go long on USD/GBP (meaning you buy USD/GBP). So, your position will make money for you when your prediction comes true. The price of a currency pair can change throughout the day based on global economic events like interest rate decisions made by central banks or political issues such as the Ukraine-Russia war, which caused the Euro to depreciate significantly and fall below USD parity. By taking up a forex trading course in Australia, you can make the best of events in the world by making money off of them.

Forex trading is the buying and selling of currencies.

The forex market is global, open 24 hours a day, five days per week (closed on weekends), with no central exchange. Because it’s not affected by the economy of any one country, it’s considered one of the most liquid markets in the world.

The currency pair you’ll see most often when trading (and probably the most common) is EUR/USD, which stands for Euro against U.S. Dollar. This means that if you buy or sell this pair, it will purchase Euros with your U.S. dollars at whatever price they currently sit at any given time.

Let’s now have a look at the standard terms in forex trading.

  • Spread

The spread is the difference between the Bid and Ask price. The spread can be large or small, depending on market conditions. If the market moves, it’s improbable. Thinner spreads tend to be more lucrative.

  • Charting

A chart is a graphical representation of a currency’s price movement. It is usually represented as a graph that shows the historical price of a coin and can be used to analyse the market and make trading decisions. It is widely used for technical analysis for short to mid-term trading.

  • Leverage

The amount of money required to trade a specific value is defined as leverage, also known as gearing or margin multiplier.

Let’s say you have a leverage of 100:1 and buy one lot of EUR/USD at $1.50. You can trade 100,000 Euros with a single $1,500 deposit (your 100:1 leverage). If the price moves up or down by just 0.5%, your position will show a profit or loss equal to 5% on your investment.

The catch is that leverage takes both sides of any trade. So, if your position moves negatively by 2%, your losses will be 20%. This makes it especially dangerous when trading volatile currencies such as crypto, which carries more than most stocks, on any given day.

  • Margin rate

The margin rate is the percentage of your total trade required to open a position. It’s expressed as a decimal, so if you want to open a 100,000 USD/JPY position and your broker has a margin rate of 5%, you’ll need to deposit 5,000 JPY (5% x 100 000).

  • Price chart

These are the most common forms of charting. A price chart shows a currency’s price over time and can be used to make trading decisions. Price charts are often displayed in a line graph but may also be expressed as candlestick graphs or bar charts.

Forex trading can be complex

If you want to learn more about the terminology of forex trading, opt for a forex trading course in Australia.

Forex trading is a very dynamic market. You will need to understand how it works before starting with your investments. It consists of large banks and investment companies that trade currencies around the clock with each other through their computers to make profits by buying or selling currencies at the moment they think they can make money from them.


The forex market is a vast global market, and it can be extremely challenging to understand. The good news is that there are many resources available for beginners.

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